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Violence in Context: Current Evidence on Risk, Protection, by Todd I. Herrenkohl, Eugene Aisenberg, James Herbert

By Todd I. Herrenkohl, Eugene Aisenberg, James Herbert Williams, Jeffrey M. Jenson

Public and educational curiosity in adolescence and group violence has grown with institution shootings, awful circumstances of kid abuse, and reviews of family abuse changing into typical information gains. learn on interpersonal violence has had a corresponding development, yet there's a tendency by way of researchers to check those matters on the person point, instead of contemplating the micro- and macro-level explanations, correlates, and results for these affected at once and not directly via violence.

Edited via 4 prime violence researchers, Violence in Context takes the extra systemic view, supplying a severe appraisal of study and thought that makes a speciality of violence in formative years, households, and groups. Authors examine the ways that violence is outlined and understood, how probability and protecting components advertise and inhibit violence within the teams such a lot answerable for the socialization of youngster, and the way violence and similar behaviors fluctuate via gender, race, and ethnicity. A wealthy research of the sphere familiarizes readers with the most compelling ways to violence prevention, together with interventions that commence at infancy with households in danger. each bankruptcy examines the newest learn on violence prevention, with a target of relocating in the direction of the multi-system, built-in intervention types and ways that might include the social context of violence throughout settings and inhabitants subgroups.

The result's a necessary interdisciplinary ebook for students, practitioners, and scholars that gives a complete review of released experiences, barriers of analysis findings, and a considerate dialogue of the ways that destiny study can construct on what's at the moment identified concerning the reasons, outcomes, and prevention of violence in numerous settings.

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Public and educational curiosity in early life and neighborhood violence has grown with college shootings, awful instances of kid abuse, and experiences of family abuse changing into general information positive factors. examine on interpersonal violence has had a corresponding development, yet there's a tendency by means of researchers to ascertain those concerns on the person point, instead of contemplating the micro- and macro-level explanations, correlates, and results for these affected without delay and not directly by means of violence.

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Extra info for Violence in Context: Current Evidence on Risk, Protection, and Prevention (Interpersonal Violence)

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We focus on these two groups because data indicate that 98% of all young people who come in contact with the juvenile justice system are youth within these two groups. Of the violent crime arrests in 2007, 51% involved African American youth and 47% involved white youth. Approximately, 2% of arrests were of Asian youth and Native American youth (1% for each category). As reflected in these numbers, the prevalence of violence for Asian and Native Americans are very low, whereas the rates of arrests for violent crimes among African American youth are particularly high relative to their overall numbers in the general populations (about 17%).

As noted earlier, risk factors are variables that increase the likelihood of an outcome like violence, whereas protective factors reduce a certain risk factor, or buffer an individual from the cumulative effect of multiple risk factors in the surrounding environment. Risk and protective factors for violence are known to exist in all domains of a youth’s life, including family, school, community, and peer groups. , 1996; Williams, & Van Dorn, 1999). 36 RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS FOR YOUTH VIOLENCE There are several excellent comprehensive reviews of risk factors for violence published in the criminology literature.

DIVERGENT SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT As noted in the area of community violence, adherence to a universal definition of violence has distinct benefits. One school of thought advocates that a clear, unambiguous definition of violence can advance the assessment of the prevalence of violence, measurement of its impact, and evaluation of the effectiveness of policies and treatment programs aimed at reducing violence and its negative consequences across settings and populations. A uniform and comprehensive definition of violence can promote a nuanced understanding, examination, and treatment of violence as well as promote and support an integrated, multilevel, multivariable, and multidisciplinary approach to the prevention of violence.

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