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The Bureaucracy of Han Times by Hans Bielenstein

By Hans Bielenstein

This can be a accomplished and completely documented research of chinese language paperwork through the Han interval, whilst the various simple strains of chinese language govt perform have been laid down. it's also extra exact and wider in scope than related works on different classes of chinese language heritage. The publication covers the time from 202 BC to advert nine and from advert 25 to 189, analysing and describing the valuable and native administrations, the military, reliable salaries, civil carrier recruitment and tool in executive. Professor Bielenstein interprets all chinese language professional titles and contains alphabetical lists of those titles with their English and chinese language equivalents. hence his ebook will serve either as an outline for the names of workplaces at each point of presidency. The booklet might be of curiosity to all students of chinese language background, in addition to to specialists in different fields of institutional heritage, govt and political technology.

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The Bureaucracy of Han Times

This can be a finished and completely documented learn of chinese language paperwork in the course of the Han interval, while some of the simple traces of chinese language govt perform have been laid down. it's also extra targeted and wider in scope than related works on different classes of chinese language heritage. The e-book covers the time from 202 BC to advert nine and from advert 25 to 189, analysing and describing the imperative and native administrations, the military, legit salaries, civil carrier recruitment and gear in govt.

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The Prefect was responsible for inspect­ ing and cleaning the mound and park, while his Chief of Regiment guarded against grave robbers. The size of the security force is not stated . Secondly , there was appointed for each tomb one Prefect of the Office of Offerings (ssu­ kuan ling)80 ranking 600shih (HHS chih 2S :3a; chih 27 :8a). Here as well , the posi tion of Chief was abolished . This Prefect had one Assistant (ch'eng) rank­ ing 300shih ,81 8 Palace A ttendants within the Yellow Gates (chung-huang­ men)82 and 2 Attendant Officials (ts'ung-kuan) (Han-kuan 2b ) .

It was changed to Superintendent of the Imperial Household (kuang-Iu hsiin)_ He was responsible for security within the public parts of the palace compounds and for protecting the emperor on his excursions from the palace. The military contingents at the entrances and walls of the palace compounds were controlled by the Commandant of the Guards, while in his private apartments the emperor was protected by the eunuchs (see pp. , 5 2 , 65). This division of duties was undoubtedly designed to prevent a single official from gaining complete physical control over the emperor's person.

Wang Hsien�h'ien ( 1 842- 1 9 1 7) takes the differ­ ent view that the office had already existed in Former Han times (HS 1 9A:9a, Pu-chu). Neither is quite correct. D. D. D. 23 (HS 78 : 1 4b ; 99C : 1 3 b , 23b). During that entire period Wang Mang was in power, so the office was undoubtedly one of his innovations. This is another case where the founder of Later Han followed the practice of Wang Mang. The total number of simultaneously appointed Palace Attendant Grandees was 30 (Han-kuan 3a). Last came the Gentleman Consultants (yi-Iang) who were first lowered from their Former Han rank of Equivalent to 600 shih to Equivalent to 400 shih, but then raised to 600 shih (I'KC 4 :2b ; HHS chili 25 :7a).

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