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Prisonization: Individual and Institutional Factors by Wayne Gillespie

By Wayne Gillespie

Prisonization comprises the formation of a casual inmate code and develops from either the person features of inmates and from institutional beneficial properties of the felony. Its rationalization contains indigenous impact thought and cultural go with the flow thought. Gillespie's exploration of those theories relies on facts from questionnaires given to over 1,000 prisoners in 30 prisons all through Kentucky, Tennessee, and Ohio. Institutional information got here from assets resembling each one state's division of Correction and Rehabilitation. effects point out that either the person features of inmates and institutional characteristics have an effect on prisonization and misconduct, however the institutional components are susceptible predictors of habit.

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Extra resources for Prisonization: Individual and Institutional Factors Affecting Inmate Conduct (Criminal Justice (LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC)) (Criminal Justice (Lfb Scholarly Publishing Llc).)

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Cohen mentioned that individuals develop different mechanisms of adjustment such as projection, rationalization, substitution, and reaction formation. However, both the problems and solutions of modern life are disproportionately distributed along class boundaries. Cohen (1955/1997) suggested that “opportunities for achievement of power and prestige are not the same for people who start out at different positions in the class system” (p. 46). To some extent, social structure determines what options are available to confront and resolve life’s problems.

Socialization, or social learning, is the primary micro-processual mechanism that links the sociocultural system to individual behavior. The Process of Socialization The concept of socialization is perhaps sociology’s central notion. However, Gecas (1992) suggested that this process actually has two distinct meanings within the discipline. According to the structuralfunctional paradigm, socialization refers to an individual’s adaption or conformity to the norms and values of a society. Socialization is the means by which a sociocultural system is perpetuated.

Prisonization Clemmer (1940) was the first person to fully articulate the process of prisonization. He engaged in cultural studies where inmates were allowed a voice through their letters, biographies, and personal accounts. Clemmer was able to follow inmates throughout their time inside prison. His work provided a rich description of the social processes associated with incarceration. In regard to Clemmer’s research, Irwin (1980) commented that “in spite of the shortcomings and in spite of the middle-class moral cast that dulls or distorts some of his analysis, it is still the most complete study of the prison” (p.

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