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Animals as Biotechnology: Ethics, Sustainability and by Richard Twine

By Richard Twine

In Animals as Biotechnology sociologist Richard wire locations the query of human/animal relatives on the middle of sustainability and weather swap debates. The e-book is formed through the emergence of 2 contradictory developments inside of our method of nonhuman animals: the biotechnological flip in animal sciences, which goals to extend the potency and profitability of meat and dairy creation; and the rising box of serious animal reports - regularly within the humanities and social sciences - which goes to question the character of our relationships with different animals. the 1st a part of the ebook specializes in ethics, reading seriously the dominant paradigms of bioethics and tool kinfolk among human and non-human. the second one half considers animal biotechnology and political financial system, reading commercialisation and law. the ultimate a part of the ebook centres on discussions of sustainability, limits and an exam of the clients for animal ethics if biotechnology turns into a part of the dominant agricultural paradigm. cord concludes via contemplating no matter if starting to be calls to lessen our intake of meat/dairy items within the face of weather swap threats are actually complicit with an anthropocentric figuring out of sustainability and that what's wanted is a extra primary moral and political wondering of kinfolk and differences among people, animals and nature.

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Extra info for Animals as Biotechnology: Ethics, Sustainability and Critical Animal Studies

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4 million) of these procedures (Home Office, 2009). 7 million procedures, of which GM animals accounted for 26 per cent (710,000) of these. As further comparison, in 1995 GM animals were only used in 8 per cent of procedures. There has now been an increase in overall procedures each year since 2002. The longer-term impact of biotechnology on these figures is unclear. For example this may be a post-genomic spike whereby scientists are using large numbers of mice to investigate genetic function in the wake of the sequencing of that animal’s genome.

In the context of bioethics, there is a role for educating scientists on the ethics and economic and social context of science and technology. Indeed one of the intimations of an animal bioethics noted at the end of the last chapter (see, for example, Marie et al, 2005) is exactly about bringing ethics ‘into’ the cultures of science. But the critical questions are which ethics and how is the broader economic and social context of science being framed if at all? The goal of this sort of work (one can also point to the emergence of ethics teaching in veterinary schools) can be to act as a healthy check against continued scientific myths of neutrality and naïve realist views of scientific ‘facts’ as purified of values.

We can note two major conflicting future visions of human–animal relations in this context that speak to wider debates about society–nature relations: such as tensions between humanism/posthumanism and the broad questioning of ‘progress’. While the intellectual and advocacy movement of critical animal studies wants to initiate a rolling back and potentially an abolition of animal agriculture, the biotechnological vision is creatively involved in new modes of technoscience that assume an instrumentalist ethics, and crucially are embedded within a scaling-up of the capitalization of the animal.

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