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Access Denied. Practice and Policy of Global Internet by Ronald J. Deibert, John G. Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski,

By Ronald J. Deibert, John G. Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Jonathan Zittrain

Many nations world wide block or filter out net content material, denying entry to information—often approximately politics, but in addition when it comes to sexuality, tradition, or religion—that they deem too delicate for traditional voters. entry Denied files and analyzes net filtering practices in over 3 dozen nations, delivering the 1st carefully performed examine of this accelerating development. net filtering happens in at the very least 40 states all over the world together with many nations in Asia and the center East and North Africa. comparable web content material keep an eye on mechanisms also are in position in Canada, the us, and a cluster of nations in Europe. Drawing on a just-completed survey of worldwide net filtering undertaken through the OpenNet Initiative (a collaboration of the Berkman heart for net and Society at Harvard legislations tuition, the Citizen Lab on the college of Toronto, the Oxford net Institute at Oxford college, and the college of Cambridge) and hoping on paintings via neighborhood specialists and an in depth community of researchers, entry Denied examines the political, felony, social, and cultural contexts of net filtering in those states from various views. Chapters speak about the mechanisms and politics of net filtering, the strengths and boundaries of the expertise that powers it, the relevance of foreign legislations, moral issues for firms that offer states with the instruments for blockading and filtering, and the results of web filtering for activist groups that more and more depend on net applied sciences for speaking their missions. experiences on web content material law in 40 diverse international locations stick to, with every one state profile outlining the categories of content material blocked via type and documenting key findings. Contributors : Ross Anderson, Malcolm Birdling, Ronald Deibert, Robert Faris, Vesselina Haralampieva, Steven Murdoch, Helmi Noman, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Mary Rundle, Nart Villeneuve, Stephanie Wang, and Jonathan Zittrain

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Additional info for Access Denied. Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering [censorship]

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Org/). 6. The strategies for addressing alleged intellectual property rights violations can vary significantly from standard Internet filtering. Rather than blocking Web sites that continue to be available from other locations, efforts generally focus on taking down the content from the Web sites that have posted the material and on removing the sites from the results of search engines. Moreover, takedown efforts are often instigated by private parties with the threat of subsequent legal action rather than being initiated by government action.

These services provide extensive lists of URLs categorized using proprietary methods. The commercial services typically fall in the middle of a spectrum between manual and automated filtering. The URL for a site found to contain content related to gambling will be offered as a digital update to the ‘‘gambling’’ block list of those states subscribing to the filtering services’ lists. For topics such as pornography or drugs, few states appear to invest the resources required to maintain active block lists where they can procure a list from commercial Internet filtering companies.

On some ISPs in Iran, such as Shatel and Datak, keywords in URL paths are blocked. This most often affects search queries in search engines. hl=fa&q=%D9%84% D8%AE%D8%AA&btnG=%D8%A8%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%A8) that was blocked. Ynet in Yemen blocks any URL containing the word sex. com appears in the URL path. Filtering systems can also be configured to redirect users to another Web site. In most cases, redirection is identical to blockpage filtering, the only difference being the route used 16 Robert Faris and Nart Villeneuve to produce the blockpage.

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