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A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in by American Association for the Advancement of Science,

By American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of

An analogous applied sciences that gasoline clinical advances additionally pose strength risks--that the information, instruments, and methods received via valid biotechnology study might be misused to create organic guns or for bioterrorism. this can be known as the twin use drawback of the lifestyles sciences. but even study with the best power for misuse may perhaps supply major merits. choosing how one can constrain the risk with no harming crucial medical learn is important for nationwide defense in addition to prosperity and health. This e-book discusses a 2007 survey of yankee organization for the development of technological know-how (AAAS) participants within the existence sciences approximately their wisdom of twin use matters and attitudes approximately their obligations to aid mitigate the dangers of misuse in their learn. total, the consequences recommend that there is huge help for ways to oversight that depend on measures which are built and applied by means of the medical group itself. The responses additionally recommend that there's a have to make clear the scope of study actions of outrage and to supply information approximately what activities scientists can take to lessen the danger that their examine may be misused by way of people with malicious motive.

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Extra resources for A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: A Collaborative Effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science

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S. scientific, engineering, and health communities cannot hope to maintain their present position of international leadership if they become isolated from the rest of the world” (Alberts et al. 39 As noted earlier, in addition to limiting visas, the restrictions in place under the Patriot and Bioterrorism Preparedness acts prohibit any national of a country currently designated by the Department of State as a state sponsor of terrorism from having access to select agents. Oversight of Research A more contentious issue than control of pathogens and toxins is whether there should be oversight of life science research and communication, and if so, what kind.

13 The Fink Committee Beyond the ad hoc actions by the Journal Editors and Authors Group and individual journals, a continuing need remained for broader consensus building within the life sciences community regarding issues of dual use research and the potential misuse of the life sciences for bioterrorism. In June 2001, the National Academies began planning a project that led to the formation of the Committee on Improving Research Standards and Practices to Prevent Destructive Application of Advanced Biotechnology.

A National Academy of Sciences report, Scientific Communication and National Security, issued in 1982 and commonly known as the Corson report after its chair Dale Corson, ignored the life sciences when it considered the national security risks associated with research in the United States (NAS/NAE/IOM 1982). S. government to keep secret only very narrowly defined scientific knowledge. It pointed to the need to use classification as the means of protecting information that could readily be misused, thereby rejecting the idea of government control of unclassified scientific data.

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