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A History of the Crusades: Volume 1, The First Crusade and by Steven Runciman

By Steven Runciman

Sir Steven Runciman's 3 quantity A background of the Crusades, one of many nice classics of English old writing, is being reissued. This quantity offers thoroughly with the 1st campaign and the basis of the dominion of Jerusalem. As Runciman says in his preface: 'Whether we regard the Crusades because the such a lot large and such a lot romantic of Christian adventures, or because the final of the barbarian invasions, they shape a valuable truth in medieval background. earlier than their inception the centre of our civilization used to be positioned in Byzantium and within the lands of the Arab caliphate. prior to they light out the hegemony in civilization had handed to western Europe. Out of this transference glossy background was once born.'

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Darazi fled to the Lebanon, to found there the sect that is called the Druzes, after his name. Hakim himself disappeared in 1021. He was probably murdered by his ambitious sister, Sitt al-Mulk; but his fate remained and still remains a mystery. The Druzes believe that in due course he will come again. 1 After his death Palestine was held for a while by the Emir of Aleppo, Salih ibn Mirdas; but the Fa timid rule was fully restored in 1029. In 1027 a treaty had already been signed permitting the Emperor Constantine VIII to -undertake the restoration of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and allowing the remaining apostates to return unpenalized to Christianity.

40 The Value of Relics be able to work miracles. 1 Men and women would now travel far to see a holy relic. Still more, they would try to acquire one, to take it home and to set it in their local sanctuary. The chief relics remained in the East, those of Christ at Jerusalem till they were moved to Constantinople, and those of the saints for the most part at their native places. But minor relics began to penetrate to the West, brought by some lucky pilgrim or some enterprising merchant, or sent as a gift to some potentate.

But from the valleys of Armenia it was easy, as past border1 Basil's activities in Syria are described from the Arabic sources (Kemal adDin, Ibn al-Athir and Abu'l Mahasin) in Rosen, op. cit. pp. 23()--66, 309--II. In 987-8 Basil had sent ambassadors to Cairo who provided money for the upkeep of the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem (ibid. pp. 202-5, quoting a text from a MS. of Abu'l Mahasin. ). For the frontier see discussions in Honigmann, Die Ostgrenze des byzantinischen Reiches, pp. , also his article 'Shaizar' in the Encyclopaedia of Islam.

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