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A Diverse Homonoid Fauna from the Late Middle Pleistocene by Schwartz J.H., Long V.T., Cuong N.L., Kha L.T. & Tattersall

By Schwartz J.H., Long V.T., Cuong N.L., Kha L.T. & Tattersall I.

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Convergent . . tightly knit disciplinary configurations . . and those which are divergent and loosely knit. (Becher, 1989) Convergent disciplines share similar ideologies and values, which are often reflected in commonly expressed views of quality, and a sense of community, with shared purpose. Although such convergence may lead to a low tolerance of deviation, it also serves in the identification of well-defined boundaries that are more easily defended. For divergent disciplines the converse to the above is true, and whilst the fragmented ideologies might lead to a greater tolerance of deviation, it may also lead to diverse quality judgements, a lower level of intellectual debate and discipline boundaries which are difficult to defend.

The application of influential theories about the effects of human motivation and individual differences on work performance, by OP and OB specialists, is also critically evaluated. The management discipline most directly related to OP and OB is human resource management (HRM), the focus of Chapter 6. Here Liz Houldsworth and Sue Burkinshaw describe the evolution of HRM as a profession, and the interplay between theory and practice. They show how competing philosophies about the purpose of the employment relationship are played out through the management of employee performance.

We believed that such claims were at best unhelpful, and at worst highly destructive. The end product has validated this belief, as what have been revealed are shared theories, models and tools, as well as 3 4 Introduction and Overview multidisciplinary perspectives that serve together in addressing organisational problems. The project has elicited accounts of the evolution of performance management within disciplines that show many common roots (often originating in other social science disciplines that go back many decades).

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