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A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation by Eric D. Weitz

By Eric D. Weitz

Why did the 20th century witness extraordinary prepared genocide? do we examine why genocide is perpetrated via evaluating varied instances of genocide? Is the Holocaust detailed, or does it proportion explanations and lines with different instances of state-sponsored mass homicide? Can genocide be prevented?Blending gripping narrative with trenchant research, Eric Weitz investigates 4 of the 20 th century's significant eruptions of genocide: the Soviet Union less than Stalin, Nazi Germany, Cambodia lower than the Khmer Rouge, and the previous Yugoslavia. Drawing on historic assets in addition to trial documents, memoirs, novels, and poems, Weitz explains the superiority of genocide within the 20th century--and indicates how and why it grew to become so systematic and deadly.Weitz depicts the searing brutality of every genocide and lines its origins again to these strongest different types of the trendy global: race and kingdom. He demonstrates how, in all of the circumstances, a powerful kingdom pursuing utopia promoted a selected mixture of severe nationwide and racial ideologies. In moments of severe situation, those states designated convinced nationwide and racial teams, believing that simply the annihilation of those "enemies" may let the dominant crew to flourish. And in every one example, huge segments of the inhabitants have been enticed to hitch within the frequently ritualistic activities that destroyed their neighbors.This booklet bargains essentially the most soaking up money owed ever written of the inhabitants purges perpetually linked to the names Stalin, Hitler, Pol Pot, and Milosevic. A debatable and richly textured comparability of those 4 glossy situations, it identifies the social and political forces that produce genocide.

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He projected his own aristocratic frustrations onto the world. But by the turn into the twentieth century, his concern with decadence had many adherents. Gobineau needed, however, a more optimistic reading, one that turned his fundamental invention, race, not only into an epitaph, but also into a clarion call for action. This Houston Stewart Chamberlain provided. English by birth, German by choice, he became an intimate of Richard Wagner’s circle and then the composer’s son-in-law. 81 Chamberlain, less concerned with the science of race, postulated a mystical “race-soul” possessed only by Germans, a constituent component of their blood.

If Njegoˇs had no qualms whatsoever about eliminating foreigners from lands claimed for Serbia, Mazzini simply ignored the problem. Both articulations of the nation were, necessarily, exclusive, even if Mazzini’s was far more humane and democratic. From west to east in Europe, not only in Serbia and Italy, the idea of the nation took hold in the course of the nineteenth century. All across the continent, nationalist movements propagated the idea that a distinctive people (or nation) should have its own state.

But God has also divided humanity into nations. Only the greed of governments and conquerors has prevented the realization of God’s design—that each nation shall have its own state that extends to its natural geographic borders. When people act together, they will repair what kings and nobles have so unnaturally created. “Natural divisions, and the spontaneous innate tendencies of the peoples, will take the place of the arbitrary divisions sanctioned by evil governments. The map of Europe will be re-drawn.

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